- a collection of symbols and rules for combining symbols, which can express an infinite variety of messages (CP 244)
- arbitrary labels
- The use of symbols, such as spoken or written words, to represent ideas (CP 244)
- (except in the case of onimonipea) nothing inherent about this object that would lead me to call it x and not ‘chazwouzes’
- Almost limitless combination of words available to make statements
- The capability to produce many different messages by combining symbols in different ways (CP 244)
- you can make an almost unlimited number of statements from a relatively small number of possible sounds.
- Rules for expressing ideas (grammar)
- The organization imposed on a language by its grammatical rules (CP 244)
- there are rules by which the phonemes and sentences need to be arranged. We are able to learn these rules very quickly.